How to get a visa for Puerto Rico - Travel Informationby Juan José Herranz | January 12, 2021
- 1. Do I need a visa to travel to Puerto Rico?
- 2. Types of visas for Puerto Rico
- 3. How to get a visa for Puerto Rico?
- 4. Who needs a visa for Puerto Rico?
- 5. What are the Puerto Rico visa requirements?
- 6. Can the Puerto Rico visa be changed once it has been processed?
- 7. How much does a visa to Puerto Rico cost?
- 8. How far in advance do I need to apply for a Puerto Rico visa?
- 9. What are the entry borders to Puerto Rico?
- 10. Do I need a transit visa to travel to Puerto Rico?
Puerto Rico is an island located in the Caribbean Sea, west of the Dominican Republic and is a free state associated with the United States. The country has an area of less than 10,000 square kilometres and a population of 3.6 million and its capital is San Juan.
With regards to immigration and visas to enter Puerto Rico, the country shares the system of the United States, and all visas must be processed by the government in the same manner. As such, it is necessary to obtain a Puerto Rico visa or ESTA (Electronic System for Travel Authorization) to travel to the country. Continue reading this guide to find out how to get a visa for Puerto Rico.
Do I need a visa to travel to Puerto Rico?
Yes, if you're from a foreign nationality, it's very likely you need a visa to go to Puerto Rico. You must apply for a specific visa or electronic travel authorisation (ESTA) to travel for tourism to the island. If your intention is to reside in Puerto Rico, then you must apply for a residence permit or an immigrant visa.
Types of visas for Puerto Rico
There are various types of permits and visas, depending on the reason why you are travelling to the island. The visa types are typically grouped into 2 large categories, immigrants and non-immigrants, where each group contains different permits.
Tourist visa or ESTA
The ESTA is an electronic travel authorisation for people eligible for the online visa processing programme and for stays not exceeding 90 consecutive days in the country.
If you are not eligible for the visa extension program or your stay is longer than 90 days, you must apply for a tourist visa at the embassy.
Business and tourist visa - B1/B2
B1: This visa is for foreign visitors, whose reason for the visit is business or conferences for more than 90 days.
B2: This visa is granted to people who travel to Puerto Rico for a period longer than 90 days, as long as the reason is for tourism, medical, visiting friends or family.
Transit visa - C
This is required for people who will be transiting in Puerto Rico and are not eligible to apply for ESTA.
Commercial crew or flight crew visa - D
This visa is for members belonging to air or sea crews stopping over in Puerto Rico.
Trade visa - E
This is necessary if you are going to carry out commercial or investment activities in the country.
Student visa - F
This visa is for international students who come to Puerto Rico for academic purposes.
Student visa - M
The M category visa is for international students who enrol in programs or courses with no academic value.
Exchange visa - J
This visa is for foreigners who collaborate in exchange programmes, regardless of the knowledge or technique of their studies.
This visa is granted to people with highly specialised higher education in a profession.
This visa is suitable for persons in temporary employment in the agricultural sector.
Media and journalists visa - I
This visa is for graduates who carry out research, work or telecommunication activities in Puerto Rico.
Personal transferred visa - L
They are granted to all employees who are required to work in Puerto Rico by their company.
Visa for people with extraordinary abilities - O
It is awarded to people who have special and unique skills in science, arts, education or business.
Sports visa - P
Visa for athletes travelling for sports, training or competition purposes.
Visa for international cultural exchange - Q
This visa is necessary for people who carry out a cultural exchange in the country.
Religious visa - R
This visa is required for religious workers who work in a foundation, church, mission or for a religious reason temporarily.
Family visa - V
This visa is for the spouses or children of a person who is a permanent resident of Puerto Rico. The reason must be the visit of the family member, and subsequently, the processing of the permanent residence can begin.
How to get a visa for Puerto Rico?
Eligible nationalities that are travelling for tourism, business or transit trips that do not exceed 90 days within the country, must apply for ESTA online. The Electronic Travel Authorisation (ESTA) can only be applied for online and it is possible to apply through an external company such as Visagov.com, who will help you throughout the process. How to get a visa to Puerto Rico?
All you have to do is complete the form with the required information and make the payment for ESTA. Within 48/72 hours, you will have your approved travel authorisation via email. You will need to make sure that all the details required are correct, and never lie or hide information because you could have problems with government authorities.
Who needs a visa for Puerto Rico?
Most foreigners need a visa or an ESTA to comply with Puerto Rico entry requirements. Some nationalities are not allowed to enter Puerto Rico, such as citizens of Syria or Yemen. US citizens do not need a passport or visa to travel to Puerto Rico.
What are the Puerto Rico visa requirements?
The Puerto Rico visa requirements for non-US citizens are:
- To have no police record or conviction for any crime.
- To not be suffering from an infectious disease or having serious mental health issues.
- To have a passport for Puerto Rico valid more than 6 months since your entry to the country.
- To fill out an application form.
- To pay the associated fees with credit or debit card.
Can the Puerto Rico visa be changed once it has been processed?
No, once you have processed your ESTA travel authorisation or your
visa, it is not possible to change any of your details. If you make a mistake in any of your details, you can reapply for an ESTA, with the only drawback being that you will have to pay the government fees again.
If doing a face-to-face visa, you will have to go to the embassy and reapply or request to have the wrong information amended and pay the necessary government fees again.
If your visa is lost or damaged, you must go to the immigration points to apply for a new visa or a legal exit permit from the country. This is not necessary if your ESTA is damaged, as you can re-download it from your email.
How much does a visa to Puerto Rico cost?
The cost of a visa to enter Puerto Rico differs depending on the specific type of visa required. All visas processed through the embassy will have different prices depending on the type needed.
The ESTA travel authorisation costs $14 and only includes government fees.
How far in advance do I need to apply for a Puerto Rico visa?
For all visas of the non-immigrant category, it is necessary to apply at least 6 months in advance. Visas in the immigrant visa category should be applied for 3 to 9 months in advance, depending on the specific type.
For people who want to apply for the ESTA travel authorisation, it can be applied for at any time, and it is usually sufficient to give 72 hours notice before your trip to Puerto Rico. However, it is always worthwhile to apply at least 10 days in advance, in case of any delays. Visagov.com has an express service, where you can have your visa in less than 24 hours.
What are the entry borders to Puerto Rico?
You can access the spectacular Caribbean island of Puerto Rico in 2 ways, by air or by sea. It is necessary to apply for a visa or ESTA regardless of whether you arrive by air or sea.
Puerto Rico has 3 international airports:
- Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport, or Isla Verde International Airport is the busiest airport on the island. It is located in the north, 12 kilometres from the capital San Juan.
- Rafael Hernández International Airport is the second busiest airport in the country. It is located in the west of the island, 134 kilometres from the capital San Juan.
- Mercedita International Airport, located in the south of the island, in the Mercedita sector, and 113 kilometres from the capital San Juan.
The Port of San Juan is the main entrance to the country if arriving by cruise ship or any other type of boat.
The port is located in the north of the island and extends along the San Juan Bay and into San Antonio channel. Cruise ships arrive at one of the 4 ports located on this channel. The ETA travel authorisation is valid for arrival to Puerto Rico through any of the international airports or any of the docks of the San Antonio channel.
Do I need a transit visa to travel to Puerto Rico?
If you’re not eligible for ESTA, you’ll need to apply for a transit visa -C.